Interest Rates and Forex Market Movements

Forex, or the foreign exchange market, is one of the largest and most liquid financial markets in the world. Trillions of dollars are traded on the forex market every day, making it a key player in the global economy. One of the factors that influences the forex market is interest rates. In this article, we will explore the relationship between interest rates and forex market moves, and how changes in interest rates can impact currency values.

What are Interest Rates?

Interest rates are the cost of borrowing money or the return on investment for lending money. Central banks, such as the Federal Reserve in the United States, control interest rates in order to achieve certain economic goals, such as controlling inflation or boosting economic growth. When interest rates are low, borrowing money becomes cheaper, which can stimulate economic activity. Conversely, when interest rates are high, borrowing becomes more expensive, which can help to control inflation.

How do Interest Rates Affect the Forex Market?

Changes in interest rates can have a significant impact on the forex market. When a central bank raises interest rates, it makes its currency more attractive to investors, as they can earn a higher return on their investments. This increased demand for the currency can cause its value to rise relative to other currencies. On the other hand, when a central bank lowers interest rates, it can make its currency less attractive, leading to a decrease in its value.

Interest rate decisions by central banks are closely watched by forex traders, as they can have a major impact on currency values. Traders will often adjust their trading strategies in response to interest rate announcements, leading to fluctuations in the forex market.

Examples of Interest Rate Decisions and Forex Market Moves

One of the most well-known examples of interest rate decisions affecting the forex market is the case of the US dollar and the Federal Reserve. When the Federal Reserve raises interest rates, the US dollar tends to strengthen against other currencies. This is because higher interest rates make the dollar more attractive to investors, leading to increased demand for the currency.

Conversely, when the Federal Reserve lowers interest rates, the US dollar can weaken as investors look for higher yields elsewhere. This relationship between interest rates and the value of the US dollar is a key factor in forex trading, and is closely watched by traders around the world.


Interest rates play a crucial role in the forex market, affecting currency values and influencing trading strategies. By understanding the relationship between interest rates and forex market moves, traders can make more informed decisions and take advantage of opportunities in the market.


1. How often do central banks change interest rates?

Central banks typically make interest rate decisions at regular meetings throughout the year. The frequency of these meetings can vary depending on the central bank and the economic conditions at the time.

2. How quickly do forex market moves respond to changes in interest rates?

Forex market moves can react quickly to changes in interest rates, as traders adjust their positions in response to central bank announcements. The impact of interest rate changes on currency values can be seen within minutes or even seconds of the announcement.

3. Are interest rates the only factor that influences forex market moves?

No, interest rates are just one of many factors that can influence forex market moves. Other factors include economic indicators, geopolitical events, and market sentiment. Traders need to consider a range of factors when making trading decisions.


Bank for International Settlements. (2019). Triennial Central Bank Survey: Foreign exchange turnover in April 2019. Retrieved from

Investopedia. (n.d.). Interest Rates. Retrieved from

Trading Economics. (n.d.). Federal Reserve Interest Rate Decision. Retrieved from

Are you ready to trade? Explore our Strategies here and start trading with us!